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Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS): A Narrative Review [Article]

Historically, friction at the lateral femoral condyle has been thought to be the cause of iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS). This review presents the reader with evidence that, rather than friction, compression of the lateral femoral condyle caused by altered biomechanics (as well as excessive loading) is responsible for ITBS. This review also summarises the treatment modalities for ITBS, with a significant focus on gait retraining and biomechanics. A conservative treatment paradigm is also presented to guide clinical reasoning in relation to symptom severity and irritability. The article includes a certificated elearning assessment.